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A randomized comparison of high clopidogrel loading doses in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: the ALBION (Assessment of the Best Loading Dose of Clopidogrel to Blunt Platelet Activation, Inflammation and Ongoing Necrosis) trial.

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A randomized comparison of high clopidogrel loading doses in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: the ALBION (Assessment of the Best Loading Dose of Clopidogrel to Blunt Platelet Activation, Inflammation and Ongoing Necrosis) trial.

Publié dans Journal of the American College of Cardiology, le 05 septembre 2006.

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Auteurs : Montalescot G, Sideris G, Meuleman C, Bal-dit-Sollier C, Lellouche N, Steg PG, Slama M, Milleron O, Collet JP, Henry P, Beygui F, Drouet L; ALBION Trial Investigators.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to compare the antiplatelet effects of three clopidogrel loading doses (LDs).

BACKGROUND:

Administration of a 300-mg clopidogrel LD is beneficial in situations requiring rapid platelet inhibition. Whether higher LDs can provide further benefits remains unknown.

METHODS:

Patients (n = 103) with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes were randomized to receive a 300-mg, 600-mg, or 900-mg clopidogrel LD, given on top of other standard therapy (including acetylsalicylic acid). The main outcome measure was inhibition of adenosine diphosphate-induced inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA); inhibition of platelet activation, inflammatory markers, troponin I release, and major adverse cardiac events also were evaluated; all measures were blindly evaluated.

RESULTS:

Compared with the 300-mg LD, greater doses were associated with significantly greater platelet inhibition, with dose-effect relationships observed for onset of action, maximal plateau, 24-h areas under the curves of IPA, and rates of low IPA (<10% at 6 h), using 20 micromol/l major adverse cardiac events. A significant dose-response was also observed for the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein index, a measure of P2Y(12) receptor inhibition. Similar but nonsignificant trends were observed for troponin release and major adverse cardiac events. Bleeding rates were similar in each group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In low-to-moderate risk patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes, clopidogrel LDs >300 mg provide a faster onset of action, a higher IPA plateau, and greater reductions in platelet activation during the first 24 h. A 900-mg LD may induce a greater antiplatelet effect than 600 mg, when compared with the standard 300-mg regimen. These findings require further clinical confirmation.

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