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Comparison of effects on markers of blood cell activation of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and unfractionated heparin in patients with unstable angina pectoris or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (the ARMADA study).

Comparison of effects on markers of blood cell activation of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and unfractionated heparin in patients with unstable angina pectoris or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (the ARMADA study).

Publié dans American Journal of Cardiology, le 15 avril 2003.

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Auteurs : Montalescot G, Bal-dit-Sollier C, Chibedi D, Collet JP, Soulat T, Dalby M, Choussat R, Cohen A, Slama M, Steg PG, Dubois-Randé JL, Metzger JP, Tarragano F, Guermonprez JL, Drouet L; ARMADA Investigators.

Abstract

The low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) enoxaparin and dalteparin have shown superior and equivalent efficacy, respectively, over unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). This study aimed to identify markers of blood cell activation that are independent predictors of outcomes at 1 month and to compare the effects of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and UFH on any such markers. In this multicenter, prospective, open-label study, 141 patients with UAP or NSTEMI were randomized to treatment for 48 to 120 hours with enoxaparin (n = 46), dalteparin (n = 48), or UFH (n = 47). Blood samples were taken at the time of randomization and after > or =48 hours of treatment but before catheterization. Multivariate analysis identified increased plasma levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and decreased platelet levels of glycoprotein Ib/IX complexes as independent predictors of 1-month adverse outcome (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, and recurrent ischemia). vWF release was strongly related to and may have been released by inflammation as measured by C-reactive protein. Both LMWHs reduced the release of vWF in plasma (as well as C-reactive protein) compared with UFH. Enoxaparin had a more favorable effect on glycoprotein Ib/IX complexes than either dalteparin or UFH. The incidence of the composite clinical efficacy end point was: 13% (enoxaparin), 19% (dalteparin), and 28% (UFH). vWF and its receptor glycoprotein Ib/IX play a key role in acute coronary syndromes. vWF is linked to inflammation and, like glycoprotein Ib/IX, is affected more favorably by the LWMHs than by UFH.

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