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Comparison of effects on markers of blood cell activation of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and unfractionated heparin in patients with unstable angina pectoris or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (the ARMADA study).

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Colloquium : Pathologies cardiaques de la femme (15 novembre 2022)
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Comparison of effects on markers of blood cell activation of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and unfractionated heparin in patients with unstable angina pectoris or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (the ARMADA study).

Publié dans American Journal of Cardiology, le 15 avril 2003.

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Auteurs : Montalescot G, Bal-dit-Sollier C, Chibedi D, Collet JP, Soulat T, Dalby M, Choussat R, Cohen A, Slama M, Steg PG, Dubois-Randé JL, Metzger JP, Tarragano F, Guermonprez JL, Drouet L; ARMADA Investigators.

Abstract

The low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) enoxaparin and dalteparin have shown superior and equivalent efficacy, respectively, over unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). This study aimed to identify markers of blood cell activation that are independent predictors of outcomes at 1 month and to compare the effects of enoxaparin, dalteparin, and UFH on any such markers. In this multicenter, prospective, open-label study, 141 patients with UAP or NSTEMI were randomized to treatment for 48 to 120 hours with enoxaparin (n = 46), dalteparin (n = 48), or UFH (n = 47). Blood samples were taken at the time of randomization and after > or =48 hours of treatment but before catheterization. Multivariate analysis identified increased plasma levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and decreased platelet levels of glycoprotein Ib/IX complexes as independent predictors of 1-month adverse outcome (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, and recurrent ischemia). vWF release was strongly related to and may have been released by inflammation as measured by C-reactive protein. Both LMWHs reduced the release of vWF in plasma (as well as C-reactive protein) compared with UFH. Enoxaparin had a more favorable effect on glycoprotein Ib/IX complexes than either dalteparin or UFH. The incidence of the composite clinical efficacy end point was: 13% (enoxaparin), 19% (dalteparin), and 28% (UFH). vWF and its receptor glycoprotein Ib/IX play a key role in acute coronary syndromes. vWF is linked to inflammation and, like glycoprotein Ib/IX, is affected more favorably by the LWMHs than by UFH.

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